The Diabetes Related Executive Functioning Scale (DREFS): Pilot results

Danny C. Duke, Jennifer K. Raymond, Michael A. Harris

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


The assessment of youth executive functioning (EF) associated with diabetes management has been difficult to accomplish, yet is important to optimizing adherence. To improve EF assessment, we developed the Diabetes Related Executive Functioning Scale (DREFS) and piloted its administration to 50 youth with type 1 diabetes and their caregivers. Youth/caregiver dyads completed analogous versions of the DREFS, Behavioral Rating Inventory of Executive Functioning (BRIEF), and the Self-Administered Diabetes Self-Management Profile (SA-DSMP). HbA1c assays were used as an index of glycemic control. Caregiver and youth DREFS scores were associated with BRIEF, SA-DSMP totals, and HbA1c.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)327-344
Number of pages18
JournalChildren's Health Care
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 2 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology


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