With the growing understanding of the pathophysiology of exsanguination has come the evolution of extraordinary surgical techniques designed to improve survival. As the success of damage control has grown, so has its acceptance in the traditional surgical community. Our challenge now is to scientifically define patient selection, refine intraoperative techniques, and acquire a greater clinical and basic science understanding of the physiology of exsanguination and reperfusion injury in resuscitation. In these efforts, overall survival should continue to increase and morbidity should continue to decrease.
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