The contribution of proteoglycans to the mechanical behavior of mineralized tissues

Luiz Bertassoni, Michael V. Swain

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

It has been widely shown that proteoglycans (PG) and their glycosaminoglycan (GAG) side-chains form supramolecular aggregates that interconnect the collagenous network in connective tissues and play a significant role in regulating the mechanical behavior of the extracellular matrix, particularly in soft tissues. However, collective evidence of the mechanical participation of PGs and GAGs in mineralized tissues remains poorly explored in the literature. Here, we address this knowledge gap and discuss the participation of PGs on the biomechanics of mineralized tissues including dentine, cementum and bone. We review evidence suggesting that, on a microscale, PGs regulate the hydrostatic and osmotic pressure, as well as the poroelastic behavior of dentine and bone. On the nanoscale, we review the so-called sliding filament theory and intramolecular stretching of GAGs. We also discuss recent interpretations whereby folding and unfolding of the PG protein core, potentially in association with SIBLING proteins, may be a contributing factor to the mechanical behavior of mineralized tissues. Finally, we review in vitro and in vivo studies of mineralized tissues with targeted disruption or digestion of specific PG family members, which provide further insights into their relevance to the mechanical properties of load bearing hard tissues. In summary, this review brings forth collective evidence suggesting that PGs and GAGs, although less than 5% of the tissue matrix, may play a role in the mechanical behavior and durability of mineralized tissues.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)91-104
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
Volume38
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Proteoglycans
Tissue
Dentin
Bone
Bearings (structural)
Dental Cementum
Bone and Bones
Protein Unfolding
Hydrostatic Pressure
Proteins
Osmotic Pressure
Weight-Bearing
Biomechanics
Glycosaminoglycans
Biomechanical Phenomena
Connective Tissue
Extracellular Matrix
Digestion
Stretching
Loads (forces)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

The contribution of proteoglycans to the mechanical behavior of mineralized tissues. / Bertassoni, Luiz; Swain, Michael V.

In: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials, Vol. 38, 2014, p. 91-104.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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