The chemical carcinogen, chloroacetaldehyde, modifies a specific site within the regulatory sequence of human cytomegalovirus major immediate early gene in vivo

Terumi Kohwi‐Shigematsu, Jay A. Nelson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

The reaction of chemical carcinogens with DNA is well documented, but whether this interaction occurs at specific sites in chromatin is unknown. We have examined in vivo the reaction of a known carcinogen, chloroacetaldehyde, with the active and inactive major immediate early gene of human cytomegalovirus. We found that during active transcription of the gene, this chemical carcinogen reacts with a unique DNA site in the 5′ flanking sequence of the major immediate early gene. However, no reaction was detected in infected nonpermissive cells in which the gene was inactive. The chloroacetaldehyde‐reactive site is located at ‐836 pmn 10 bp from the mRNA cap site in the part of the regulatory region that can both negatively and positively affect promoter activity [Nelson et al., Mol Cell Biol 7:4125–4129, 1987]. These results suggest, at least in the case of chloroacetaldehyde, the possibility that the molecular mechanism of chemical carcinogenesis involves a chemical reaction at specific sites in chromatin within the sequences responsible for regulation of gene expression. Such carcinogen‐DNA interaction occurs as a consequence of a non‐B DNA structure that contains unpaired DNA bases existing at specific sites in chromatin.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)20-25
Number of pages6
JournalMolecular Carcinogenesis
Volume1
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1988

Keywords

  • DNase I‐hypersensitive sites
  • Key words
  • Non‐B DNA structure
  • positive and negative regulatory element

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cancer Research

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