The characteristic features of auditory verbal hallucinations in clinical and nonclinical groups: State-of-the-art overview and future directions

Frank Larøi, Iris E. Sommer, Jan Dirk Blom, Charles Fernyhough, Dominic H. Ffytche, Kenneth Hugdahl, Louise C. Johns, Simon McCarthy-Jones, Antonio Preti, Andrea Raballo, Christina W. Slotema, Massoud Stephane, Flavie Waters

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

171 Scopus citations

Abstract

Despite a growing interest in auditory verbal hallucinations (AVHs) in different clinical and nonclinical groups, the phenomenological characteristics of such experiences have not yet been reviewed and contrasted, limiting our understanding of these phenomena on multiple empirical, theoretical, and clinical levels. We look at some of the most prominent descriptive features of AVHs in schizophrenia (SZ). These are then examined in clinical conditions including substance abuse, Parkinson's disease, epilepsy, dementia, late-onset SZ, mood disorders, borderline personality disorder, hearing impairment, and dissociative disorders. The phenomenological changes linked to AVHs in prepsychotic stages are also outlined, together with a review of AVHs in healthy persons. A discussion of key issues and future research directions concludes the review.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)724-733
Number of pages10
JournalSchizophrenia Bulletin
Volume38
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • hallucinations
  • hallucinosis
  • hearing voices
  • psychosis
  • transdiagnostic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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