The CGTCA sequence motif is essential for biological activity of the vasoactive intestinal peptide gene cAMP-regulated enhancer

J. S. Fink, M. Verhave, S. Kasper, T. Tsukada, G. Mandel, R. H. Goodman

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cAMP-regulated transcription of the human vasoactive intestinal peptide gene is dependent upon a 17-base-pair DNA element located 70 base pairs upstream from the transcriptional initiation site. This element is similar to sequences in other genes known to be regulated by cAMP and to sequences in several viral enhancers. We have demonstrated that the vasoactive intestinal peptide regulatory element is an enhancer that depends upon the integrity of two CGTCA sequence motifs for biological activity. Mutations in either of the CGTCA motifs diminish the ability of the element to respond to cAMP. Enhancers containing the CGTCA motif from the somatostatin and adenovirus genes compete for binding of nuclear proteins from C6 glioma and PC12 cells to the vasoactive intestinal peptide enhancer, suggesting that CGTCA-containing enhancers interact with similar transacting factors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6662-6666
Number of pages5
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Issue number18
StatePublished - Jan 1 1988


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