The Breast and Cervical Cancer Early Detection Program, Medicaid, and breast cancer outcomes among Ohio's underserved women

Siran M. Koroukian, Paul M. Bakaki, Phyo Than Htoo, Xiaozhen Han, Mark Schluchter, Cynthia Owusu, Gregory S. Cooper, Johnie Rose, Sue Flocke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: As an organized screening program, the national Breast and Cervical Cancer Early Detection Program (BCCEDP) was launched in the early 1990s to improve breast cancer outcomes among underserved women. To analyze the impact of the BCCEDP on breast cancer outcomes in Ohio, this study compared cancer stages and mortality across BCCEDP participants, Medicaid beneficiaries, and “all others.”. METHODS: This study linked data across the Ohio Cancer Incidence Surveillance System, Medicaid, the BCCEDP database, death certificates, and the US Census and identified 26,426 women aged 40 to 64 years who had been diagnosed with incident invasive breast cancer during the years 2002-2008 (deaths through 2010). The study groups were as follows: BCCEDP participants (1-time or repeat users), Medicaid beneficiaries (women enrolled in Medicaid before their cancer diagnosis [Medicaid/prediagnosis] or around the time of their cancer diagnosis [Medicaid/peridiagnosis]), and all others (women identified as neither BCCEDP participants nor Medicaid beneficiaries). The outcomes included advanced-stage cancer at diagnosis and mortality. A multivariable logistic and survival analysis was conducted to examine the independent association between the BCCEDP and Medicaid status and the outcomes. RESULTS: The percentage of women presenting with advanced-stage disease was highest among women in the Medicaid/peridiagnosis group (63.4%) and lowest among BCCEDP repeat users (38.6%). With adjustments for potential confounders and even in comparison with Medicaid/prediagnosis beneficiaries, those in the Medicaid/peridiagnosis group were twice as likely to be diagnosed with advanced-stage disease (adjusted odds ratio, 2.20; 95% confidence interval, 1.83-2.66). CONCLUSIONS: Medicaid/peridiagnosis women are at particularly high risk to be diagnosed with advanced-stage disease. Efforts to reduce breast cancer disparities must target this group of women before they present to Medicaid. Cancer 2017;123:3097–106.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3097-3106
Number of pages10
JournalCancer
Volume123
Issue number16
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 15 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Breast and Cervical Cancer Early Detection Program (BCCEDP)
  • breast cancer disparities
  • breast cancer stage
  • Medicaid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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