Renal allograft biopsy provides critical information in the management of renal transplant patients, and must be analyzed in close collaboration with the clinical team. The histologic correlates of acute T-cell mediated rejection are interstitial inflammation, tubulitis, and endothelialitis; polyomavirus nephropathy is a potential mimic. Evidence of antibody-mediated rejection includes C4d deposition; morphologic acute tissue injury; and donor specific antibodies. Acute tubular injury/necrosis is a reversible cause of impaired graft function, especially in the immediate post-transplant period. Drug toxicity, recurrent disease, chronic injury, and other entities affecting both native and transplant kidneys must also be evaluated.
- Antibody-mediated rejection
- T-cell-mediated rejection
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine