The adolescents training and learning to avoid steroids program

Preventing drug use and promoting health behaviors

Linn Goldberg, David P. MacKinnon, Diane Elliot, Esther Moe, Greg Clarke, JeeWon W. Cheong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

162 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Use of alcohol and other illicit drugs by adolescent male athletes is a significant problem. Participation in sports may encourage use of drugs that enhance athletic performance, especially anabolic steroids (AS). Because, to our knowledge, no other intervention has successfully altered substance abuse by athletes, we developed and assessed the efficacy of a team-centered, sex-specific education program designed to reduce adolescent athletes' intentions to use and use of AS and alcohol and other illicit drugs. Methods: We studied 31 high school football teams that comprised 3207 athletes in 3 successive annual cohorts (1994-1996). The intervention included interactive classroom and exercise training sessions given by peer educators and facilitated by coaches and strength trainers. Program content included discussion of sports nutrition, exercise alternatives to AS and sport supplements, and the effects of substance abuse in sports, drug refusal role-playing, and the creation of health promotion messages. Questionnaires assessing AS, the use of sport supplements and alcohol and other illicit drugs, and potential risk and protective factors were administered before and after the intervention (before and after the football season) and up to 1 year after the program. Results: At season's end, intentions to use (P <.05) and actual AS use (P <.04) were significantly lower among students who participated in the study. Although AS reduction did not achieve significance at 1 year (P

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)332-338
Number of pages7
JournalArchives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine
Volume154
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2000

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Testosterone Congeners
Health Behavior
Sports
Steroids
Learning
Athletes
Street Drugs
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Football
Alcohols
Substance-Related Disorders
Role Playing
Exercise
Athletic Performance
Sex Education
Health Promotion
Students

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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The adolescents training and learning to avoid steroids program : Preventing drug use and promoting health behaviors. / Goldberg, Linn; MacKinnon, David P.; Elliot, Diane; Moe, Esther; Clarke, Greg; Cheong, JeeWon W.

In: Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Vol. 154, No. 4, 04.2000, p. 332-338.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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