Nephropathy is a major complication of diabetes mellitus and is associated with expansion of the mesangium and an increase in kidney size in both humans and rats. Interestingly, early kidney enlargement occurs only in postpubertal animals, and is preceded by a significant increase in the levels of extractable renal IGF-I. This study examined the possibility that this difference is GH dependent, and that very early changes in plasma GH and/or IGF-I in the adult animal are associated with an early accumulation of renal IGF-I. Silastic jugular catheters were placed in adult (13-14 week) male Sprague-Dawley (S-D) rats for blood collection and drug injection. Serial blood samples were taken every 30 min in groups of saline control and streptozotocin (STZ) (50 μg/kg, IV) rats from 1-6 h, 9-15 h, and 24-30 h post-injection, and plasma GH profiles were determined by RIA. Renal IGF-I content was assessed following acid extraction. Following STZ, there was an immediate, step-wise reduction in peak GH levels (saline controls, 54±7 ng/ml vs 30±5 (1-6 h); 23±10 (9-15 h); and 13±3 ng/ml (24-30 h post-STZ);P<0.05 for all STZ groups vs control). The same significant step-wise reduction was observed in the integrated area under the curve for GH. A separate group of rats were treated with a GH-releasing factor antagonist (GRF-AN) for 5 days prior to STZ, to suppress pulsatile GH release, and reduce plasma IGF-I. Chronic GRF-AN administration reduced plasma IGF-I levels significantly to 63% of control values (P<0.01). However, despite the reduction in plasma IGF-I, renal IGF-I remained significantly elevated 24 h post-STZ compared with controls and not significantly different from animals treated with STZ alone (467±49 ng IGF-I/g KW in control saline vs 778±100 in saline/STZ and 705±87 ng IGF-I/g KW in chronic GRF-AN/STZ rats (P<0.05)). In conclusion, following STZ administration in the adult rat, there is an immediate reduction in GH levels, indicating the renal IGF-I accumulation occurs without initial increases in plasma GH levels. Furthermore, when plasma IGF-I levels in the adult are significantly reduced renal IGF-I content remains elevated. These data suggest that early diabetic renal growth is not associated with elevated circulating GH levels, and that high basal plasma IGF-I levels are not necessary for IGF-I accumulation.
- growth hormone
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism