Testing the 8-syndrome structure of the child behavior checklist in 30 societies

Masha Y. Ivanova, Thomas M. Achenbach, Levent Dumenci, Leslie A. Rescorla, Fredrik Almqvist, Sheila Weintraub, Niels Bilenberg, Hector Bird, Wei J. Chen, Anca Dobrean, Manfred Döpfner, Nese Erol, Eric Fombonne, António Castro Fonseca, Alessandra Frigerio, Hans Grietens, Helga Hannesdóttir, Yasuko Kanbayashi, Michael Lambert, Bo LarssonPatrick Leung, Xianchen Liu, Asghar Minaei, Mesfin S. Mulatu, Torunn S. Novik, Kyung Ja Oh, Alexandra Roussos, Michael Sawyer, Zeynep Simsek, Hans Christoph Steinhausen, Christa Winkler Metzke, Tomasz Wolanczyk, Hao Jan Yang, Nelly Zilber, Rita Zukauskiene, Frank C. Verhulst

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

262 Scopus citations


There is a growing need for multicultural collaboration in child mental health services, training, and research. To facilitate such collaboration, this study tested the 8-syndrome structure of the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) in 30 societies. Parents' CBCL ratings of 58,051 6- to 18-year-olds were subjected to confirmatory factor analyses, which were conducted separately for each society. Societies represented Asia; Africa; Australia; the Caribbean; Eastern, Western, Southern, and Northern Europe; the Middle East; and North America. Fit indices strongly supported the correlated 8-syndrome structure in each of 30 societies. The results support use of the syndromes in diverse societies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)405-417
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2007
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology


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