Temporal daily associations among sleep and pain in treatment-seeking youth with acute musculoskeletal pain

Amy Holley, Jennifer Rabbitts, Chuan Zhou, Lindsay Durkin, Tonya M. Palermo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations


Sleep is an important health risk factor. In the context of pediatric chronic pain, sleep is often impaired and temporal daily associations link sleep deficiency to subsequent increased pain. It is unknown whether similar temporal relationships exist for youth with acute pain. Thus, we characterized sleep in youth with acute musculoskeletal (MSK) pain to examine daily sleep-pain associations. Participants were 67 youth (10–17 years) with acute MSK pain (<1 month duration). Youth underwent eight nights of actigraphic sleep monitoring and completed twice daily pain diaries. Generalized linear models tested nighttime sleep as a predictor of morning pain, and evening pain as a predictor of nighttime sleep. Shorter sleep duration and poorer sleep quality predicted higher morning pain intensity. However, evening pain did not predict nighttime sleep, suggesting the strongest temporal association is in the direction of sleep deficiency impacting next-day pain, as has been found in prior research in youth with chronic pain.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-7
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Behavioral Medicine
StateAccepted/In press - Apr 4 2017



  • Actigraphy
  • Acute pain
  • Adolescent
  • Child
  • Musculoskeletal
  • Sleep

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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