Fanconi anemia (FA) is a genetic disorder characterized by congenital abnormalities, bone marrow failure, and marked cancer susceptibility. FA patients have an elevated risk of developing hematologic malignancies and solid tumors. Using Fancd2-/- knockout mice as a model of FA, we examined the potential of tempol, a nitroxide antioxidant and a superoxide dismutase mimetic, as a tumor-delaying agent for solid tumors. Dietary tempol increased the mean tumor-free survival time of Fancd2-/- Trp53+/- mice by 27% (P < 0.01), from 308 to 390 days, without changing the overall tumor spectrum. More strikingly, tempol delayed the onset of epithelial tumors and increased the mean epithelial tumor-free survival time by 38% (P < 0.0001), from 312 to 432 days, in Fancd2-/- Trp53+/- mice. These results show that tempol can significantly delay tumor formation in Fancd2-/- Trp53+/- mice. Furthermore, tempol treatment did not adversely affect the repopulating ability of FA hematopoietic stem cells. The reduction in oxidative DNA damage in tempol-treated FA fibroblasts and mice suggests that its tumor-delaying function may be attributed to its antioxidant activity.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research