Temperamental characteristics of adolescents with substance abuse and/or dependence: A case-control study

Lore Willem, Patricia Bijttebier, Laurence Claes, Johan Sools, Inez Vandenbussche, Joel T. Nigg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study examines reactive and self-regulatory temperament in 34 clinically referred adolescents with substance abuse and/or dependence and 34 matched controls between the ages of 14 and 18. years. Results indicated that the clinical group reported lower levels of positive affectivity and effortful control, and higher levels of sad negative affectivity, compared to the control group. Low positive affectivity and low effortful control were the most important temperament dimensions in predicting clinical substance use. These results highlight the role of both affective reactive and self-regulatory temperament dimensions in youngsters with problematic substance use.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1094-1098
Number of pages5
JournalPersonality and Individual Differences
Volume50
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2011

Keywords

  • Adolescence
  • Motivational/affective reactivity
  • Problematic substance use
  • Self-regulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

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