Temperament and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: The Development of a Multiple Pathway Model

Joel Nigg, H. Hill Goldsmith, Jennifer Sachek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

218 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This article outlines the parallels between major theories of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and relevant temperament domains, summarizing recent research from our laboratories on (a) child temperament and (b) adult personality traits related to ADHD symptoms. These data are convergent in suggesting a role of effortful control and regulation in the core symptoms of ADHD, Negative approach and anger is also associated with ADHD, but this may be due to the overlap of ADHD and antisocial behavior. Positive approach may be involved in an alternate pathway to ADHD. The involvement of effortful control is congruent with experimental findings of executive functioning deficits in children with ADHD. We hypothesize that, whereas regulation problems may occur in most children with ADHD, a subgroup also may be characterized by positive approach problems and another subgroup by negative approach problems. We conclude with a theorized multiple process developmental model outlining alternate pathways to ADHD that warrant empirical investigation to better resolve etiological heterogeneity in ADHD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)42-53
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Volume33
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2004
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Temperament
Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity
Anger
Personality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this

Temperament and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder : The Development of a Multiple Pathway Model. / Nigg, Joel; Goldsmith, H. Hill; Sachek, Jennifer.

In: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, Vol. 33, No. 1, 2004, p. 42-53.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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