Telephone-delivered motivational interviewing targeting sexual risk behavior reduces depression, anxiety, and stress in HIV-positive older adults

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Few studies have examined the secondary benefits of HIV risk reduction interventions to improve mental health functioning. Purpose: This study aimed to examine the effectiveness of telephone-delivered motivational interviewing (MI) targeting sexual risk behavior to reduce depression, anxiety, and stress in HIV-positive older adults. Methods: Participants were 100 HIV-positive adults 45+ years old enrolled in a sexual risk reduction pilot clinical trial of telephone-delivered MI. Participants were randomly assigned to a one-session MI, four-session MI, or standard of care control condition. Telephone interviews at baseline and 3- and 6-month follow-up assessed sexual behavior, depression, anxiety, and stress. Results: Relative to controls, participants in the one- and four-session MI conditions reported lower levels of depression, anxiety, and stress at 6-month follow-up. No between group differences were observed at 3-month follow-up or between one- and four-session MI participants at 6-month follow-up. Conclusions: Preliminary data suggest that telephone-delivered MI to reduce sexual risk behavior may confer secondary benefits of improving mental health functioning in HIV-positive persons.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)416-421
Number of pages6
JournalAnnals of Behavioral Medicine
Volume44
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2012
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Motivational Interviewing
Risk-Taking
Telephone
Sexual Behavior
Anxiety
HIV
Depression
Risk Reduction Behavior
Mental Health
Standard of Care
Clinical Trials
Interviews

Keywords

  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • HIV
  • Motivational interviewing
  • Randomized controlled trial
  • Stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

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title = "Telephone-delivered motivational interviewing targeting sexual risk behavior reduces depression, anxiety, and stress in HIV-positive older adults",
abstract = "Background: Few studies have examined the secondary benefits of HIV risk reduction interventions to improve mental health functioning. Purpose: This study aimed to examine the effectiveness of telephone-delivered motivational interviewing (MI) targeting sexual risk behavior to reduce depression, anxiety, and stress in HIV-positive older adults. Methods: Participants were 100 HIV-positive adults 45+ years old enrolled in a sexual risk reduction pilot clinical trial of telephone-delivered MI. Participants were randomly assigned to a one-session MI, four-session MI, or standard of care control condition. Telephone interviews at baseline and 3- and 6-month follow-up assessed sexual behavior, depression, anxiety, and stress. Results: Relative to controls, participants in the one- and four-session MI conditions reported lower levels of depression, anxiety, and stress at 6-month follow-up. No between group differences were observed at 3-month follow-up or between one- and four-session MI participants at 6-month follow-up. Conclusions: Preliminary data suggest that telephone-delivered MI to reduce sexual risk behavior may confer secondary benefits of improving mental health functioning in HIV-positive persons.",
keywords = "Anxiety, Depression, HIV, Motivational interviewing, Randomized controlled trial, Stress",
author = "Travis Lovejoy",
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AB - Background: Few studies have examined the secondary benefits of HIV risk reduction interventions to improve mental health functioning. Purpose: This study aimed to examine the effectiveness of telephone-delivered motivational interviewing (MI) targeting sexual risk behavior to reduce depression, anxiety, and stress in HIV-positive older adults. Methods: Participants were 100 HIV-positive adults 45+ years old enrolled in a sexual risk reduction pilot clinical trial of telephone-delivered MI. Participants were randomly assigned to a one-session MI, four-session MI, or standard of care control condition. Telephone interviews at baseline and 3- and 6-month follow-up assessed sexual behavior, depression, anxiety, and stress. Results: Relative to controls, participants in the one- and four-session MI conditions reported lower levels of depression, anxiety, and stress at 6-month follow-up. No between group differences were observed at 3-month follow-up or between one- and four-session MI participants at 6-month follow-up. Conclusions: Preliminary data suggest that telephone-delivered MI to reduce sexual risk behavior may confer secondary benefits of improving mental health functioning in HIV-positive persons.

KW - Anxiety

KW - Depression

KW - HIV

KW - Motivational interviewing

KW - Randomized controlled trial

KW - Stress

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