Telephone-administered motivational interviewing reduces risky sexual behavior in HIV-positive late middle-age and older adults: A pilot randomized controlled trial

Travis I. Lovejoy, Timothy G. Heckman, Julie A. Suhr, Timothy Anderson, Bernadette Davantes Heckman, Christopher R. France

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Scopus citations

Abstract

By 2014, 50% of all adults living with HIV/ AIDS will be 50-plus years of age. This pilot randomized controlled trial assessed the efficacy of two telephonedelivered motivational interviewing (MI) interventions to reduce risky sexual behavior in HIV-infected adults 45-plus years old. Eligible participants reported engaging in at least one occasion of unprotected anal and/or vaginal intercourse in the 3 months prior to study enrollment. Participants were randomly assigned to receive four sessions of telephone-delivered MI, one session of telephone- delivered MI, or no MI. Relative to 4-session MI participants, Controls reported approximately three times as many episodes of unprotected sex at 3- and 6-month follow-up, while 1-session MI participants reported four times as many unprotected sex acts at 3- and 6-month follow-up. No differences in condom use were observed between 1-session MI and Control participants. Additional large-scale studies that evaluate this intervention approach are warranted.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1623-1634
Number of pages12
JournalAIDS and Behavior
Volume15
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2011

Keywords

  • HIV/AIDS
  • Motivational interviewing
  • Older adults
  • Randomized controlled trial
  • Risky sex

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases

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