Telehealth in Multiple Sclerosis Clinical Care and Research

Xinran Maria Xiang, Jacqueline Bernard

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose of Review: The COVID-19 pandemic has provided us with a unique opportunity to experiment with telehealth and evaluate its benefits and limitations. This review discusses the impact of telehealth on multiple sclerosis (MS) care and research in adults and children. Recent Findings: Telehealth visits for MS patients have been shown to reduce missed workdays and costs for patients. Brief telephone-based counseling may be associated with better adherence to disease-modifying therapy, although results of multiple home-based tele-rehabilitation for people with MS have been equivocal. Overall, patients and providers have reported high levels of satisfactions with telehealth. Several remote disability measures and numerous other technological tools have emerged for use in remote MS research and care. Major challenges of telehealth include limitations to performing a complete neurologic exam and disparities in access to telehealth amongst vulnerable populations with limited access to virtual platforms. Summary: Following the rapid expansion of telehealth during the pandemic, it is highly likely that we will continue to embrace the benefits of this valuable tool. Future directions for improving telehealth should include more evidence-based research on the diagnostic accuracy in neuroimmunology and reducing disparities in the access to telehealth.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number14
JournalCurrent neurology and neuroscience reports
Volume21
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2021

Keywords

  • COVID-19
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Telehealth
  • Telemedicine
  • Teleneurology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Clinical Neurology

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