Laparoscopic cholecystectomy has settled as the treatment of choice for patients with gallstone disease. Injury to the bile ducts, still the main drawback of the technique, is decreasing progressively with better understanding of the mechanisms of injury and adequate training. With the expansion of indications for laparoscopic cholecystectomy, more difficult operations are being performed. Adequate understanding of the obstacles that may arise during the laparoscopic procedure as well as knowledge of specific maneuvers to deal with the difficult operation are important for the success and safety of the procedure.
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