Lewis X Buffalo F1 rat lymphocytes express both forms of the allelic marker RT7.1 (Lewis) and RT7.2 (Buffalo). We generated myelin basic protein (MBP)-specific encephalitogenic F1 T helper cell lines and adoptively transferred them into naive irradiated Lewis recipients, which enabled us to detect and isolate donor T cells (with RT7.2) within the recipients. The spinal cord and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) were highly enriched for the donor T cells compared with the blood and spleen. The donor cell number peaked on the first day of disease in the spinal cord and CSF and decreased as the disease progressed. A high percentage of the donor T cells isolated from the spinal cord were positive for the T helper cell activation marker OX-40, whereas a (lower) percentage of CSF donor cells expressed OX-40. Donor cells isolated from blood or spleen were negative for OX-40 expression. In contrast, the IL-2 receptor (CD25) was positive on all the transferred T cells in all tissue sites examined. Cell-sorting experiments showed that the MBP-specific donor cells were enriched for IFN-γ, IL-2, TNF-α, and IL-3 mRNA when compared with the host-recruited spinal cord cells, whereas similar amounts of IL-10 mRNA were produced by both populations. Lymphokine mRNA production was also enriched in donor T cells isolated from the spinal cord compared with donor T cells isolated from the spleen. The spinal cord donor cells produced higher levels of IL-2, IFN-γ, and IL-3 mRNA, whereas similar amounts of IL-10 and TNF-α mRNA were produced from donor cells isolated from the spleen and the spinal cord. Our data suggest that the amount/percentage, activation state, and enhanced lymphokine production at the site of inflammation are all important factors in determining the autoimmune potential of Ag-specific effector T helper cells.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|Publication status||Published - May 1 1994|
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