Taking Your Qualitative Research to the Next Level: A Guide for the Medical Educator

Nancy C. Schneider, Wendy C. Coates, Lalena M. Yarris

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Qualitative research is a focused and deliberate approach to understanding the human condition and can identify areas that warrant further investigation through hypothesis-testing (quantitative) research. In this overview article, we discuss reasons to undertake a qualitative study; introduce three research paradigms whose frameworks are commonly used by medical education researchers (grounded theory, ethnography, phenomenology); describe the four most commonly used data gathering techniques (interviews, focus groups, observation, document tracing); and discuss the nature of the sampling/data gathering process. Examples of research questions that employ each paradigm and data gathering technique as well as a list of published sample articles to guide researchers are provided.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)368-378
Number of pages11
JournalAEM Education and Training
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine
  • Education
  • Emergency


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