t(3;8)(q26.2;q24) Often Leads to MECOM/MYC Rearrangement and Is Commonly Associated with Therapy-Related Myeloid Neoplasms and/or Disease Progression

Guilin Tang, Shimin Hu, Sa A. Wang, Wei Xie, Pei Lin, Jie Xu, Gokce Toruner, Ming Zhao, Jun Gu, Madison Doty, Shaoying Li, L. Jeffrey Medeiros, Zhenya Tang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

t(3;8)(q26.2;q24) is a rare recurrent cytogenetic abnormality that is associated with myeloid neoplasms. Of 20 patients with t(3;8)(q26.2,q24), 8 had therapy-related acute myeloid leukemia (AML), 3 therapy-related myelodysplastic syndrome, 4 blast phase of chronic myeloid leukemia, 1 relapsed AML, 1 AML transformed from chronic myelomonocytic leukemia, 1 blast phase of an unclassifiable myeloproliferative neoplasm, 1 de novo myelodysplastic syndrome, and 1 de novo AML. Nineteen patients presented with cytopenia. Multilineage dysplasia was observed in 16/18 patients, and megakaryocytes were markedly decreased in 11/20 patients. Blasts showed a primitive myeloid immunophenotype in 17 patients, negative for myeloperoxidasein in 14/17, and aberrant CD7 expression in 5/17 patients. Fluorescence in situ hybridization showed MECOM rearrangement in 18/19 and MYC in 16/18 patients. Myc was shown to be expressed in all 14 cases assessed. Gene mutation testing was performed in 14 patients, and 7 showed at least one mutation including ASXL1 (2/6), TET2 (2/6), SRSF2 (2/6), and NRAS (2/13). At last clinical follow-up, 18 patients died and 2 were alive with persistent disease, with a median survival of 6 months. The authors conclude that t(3;8)(q26.2;q24) often leads to MECOM and MYC rearrangement, occurs predominantly in therapy-related myeloid neoplasms or at disease progression, and shares some similarities with myeloid neoplasms associated with inv(3)/GATA2-MECOM. Patients with myeloid neoplasms associated with t(3;8)(q26.2;q24) have a dismal outcome.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)343-351
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Molecular Diagnostics
Volume21
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2019
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Molecular Medicine

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