Synthetic peptides corresponding to germline TCR Vβ8.2 sequences overexpressed by Lewis rat encephalitogenic T cells are effective in the prevention and treatment of autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE). In evaluating optimal conditions for identifying disease-relevant target Vβ genes, we found that the biased expression of Vβ8.2 was most pronounced in the CNS among activated, IL-2 responsive T cells, but was weakly reflected in the cerebrospinal fluid. Evaluation of basic protein reactive T cells from patients with multiple sclerosis revealed biased expression of Vβ5.2 and to a lesser degree, Vβ6.1. Treatment of 11 MS patients with synthetic TCR Vβ5.2 and Vβ6.1 CDR2 peptides boosted the frequency of anti-TCR reactive T cells in a majority of patients, without compromising recall immunity or causing side effects. TCR peptides may be useful in the treatment of human autoimmune diseases, providing that disease-relevant V genes can be identified.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Clinical and experimental rheumatology|
|Issue number||SUPPL. 8|
|State||Published - 1993|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy