T-cell clones derived by CD3 stimulation from hepatitis C virus explanted liver tissue are not representative of dominant clones present in vivo

Michael P. Davey, Hugo R. Rosen, Carolyn N. Woody, Daniel P. Haley, Julie Kurkinen, David M. Lewinsohn

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3 Scopus citations


Liver tissue from hepatitis C virus (HCV)-related end-stage disease contains T-cell infiltrates. The goal of this study is to determine whether CD4 T-cell clones established in vitro using an antigen-independent technique from explanted liver tissue (n = 3) are representative of dominant clones present in vivo. T-cell receptor (TCR) use by intrahepatic CD4 T cells was assessed by spectratype analysis. Clones were established from single CD4 T cells by culturing in vitro with anti-CD3 and interleukin-2 (n > 25 per patient). TCR genes expressed by each clone were identified by sequencing. When identical clones were isolated, the original spectratype was analyzed further to determine whether the clone was a dominant T-cell expansion in vivo. Evidence for clonal expansions was found in all patients by spectratyping. T cell expressing the same TCRBV genes used for spectratyping were cloned in vitro. Duplicate clones expressing the same TCR genes were observed in 2 patients. Confirmation that clones established in vitro matched those present in vivo was obtained for 2 clones. Many dominant clones identified by spectratyping did not proliferate in vitro. Although spectratyping suggested the widespread accumulation of clonal expansions in HCV-related end-stage liver disease, clones established in vitro using anti-CD3 were poorly representative of dominant clones present in vivo. Although cloning with anti-CD3 has the advantage of generating T-cell clones not biased a priori toward a specific antigen, modified cloning strategies will need to be developed to expand those clones that appear dominant in end-stage organs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)716-723
Number of pages8
JournalLiver Transplantation
Issue number8
StatePublished - Jan 1 2001


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Hepatology
  • Transplantation

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