Synthesis, characterization, and stability of poly[(alkylene oxide) ester] thermoplastic elastomers

Simon J. Mccarthy, Gordon F. Meijs, Pathiraja Gunatillake

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Poly(ether ester) block copolymers were prepared using a transesterification/ polycondensation bulk synthesis with systematic control of the terephthalic acid/butanediol aromatic diester block ('hard segment') and with poly(tetramethylene oxide) [PTMO], poly(hexamethylene oxide) [PHMO], or poly(decamethylene oxide) [PDMO] poly(alkylene oxide) soft segments. The respective number average molecular weights were 980, 930, and 940 Da. A series of the poly(ether ester)s with hard segment fractions of 25, 29, 37, and 51% were prepared. One example of the PDMO polyester was prepared at a 51% hard segment fraction. The polyesters were characterized using viscometry, gel permeation chromatography, 1H-NMR spectroscopy, differential scanning calorimetry, and tensile testing. The novel poly (ether ester)s, the PTMO polyester, and the commercial control, Hytrel® 4056, were compared for their resistance to degradation in a 50% aqueous hydrogen peroxide solution at 37°C, boiling water buffered at pH 1 and 13, an oxygen stream at 200°C, and a nitrogen stream at 200°C. The Hytrel® 4056 and the PTMO polyesters fragmented in hydrogen peroxide within 24 h while the PHMO and PDMO polyesters were much less degraded. Resistance to hydrolytic and thermal degradation increased as the ratio of aliphatic methylene to ether increased: PTMO < PHMO < PDMO. Samples containing higher hard segment fractions demonstrated improved resistance to hydrolysis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1319-1332
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Applied Polymer Science
Volume65
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 15 1997

Keywords

  • Degradation
  • Poly(decamethylene oxide)
  • Poly(hexamethylene oxide)
  • Poly(tetramethylene oxide)
  • Poly[(alkylene oxide) ester]
  • Thermoplastic elastomer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

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