Documenting surrogate decision makers (SDMs) is an important step in advance care planning (ACP) for hospitalized adults. The authors performed a quality improvement study of clinical and electronic health record (EHR) workflows aiming to increase SDM documentation for hospitalized adults. The intervention included an ACP education module, audit and feedback, as well as workflow and EHR adaptations. The authors prospectively tracked SDM documentation using control charts and used chart review to assess secondary outcome, process, and balancing measures. SDM documentation significantly increased from 69.5% to 80.2% ( P < 0.001) for intervention patients, sustained over 3 years, and was unchanged for control patients (34.6% to 36.3%; P = 0.355). There were no significant differences in secondary ACP outcomes in intervention or control patients. Clinical and EHR adaptations increased SDM documentation for hospitalized adults with minimal risk, although did not affect other ACP metrics. Future studies are needed to determine the effects of such changes on goal-concordant care.
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