Survival of recombinant monoclonal and naturally-occurring human milk immunoglobulins A and G specific to respiratory syncytial virus F protein across simulated human infant gastrointestinal digestion

Jiraporn Lueangsakulthai, Baidya Nath P. Sah, Brian P. Scottoline, David C. Dallas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

To help rationally design an antibody for oral administration, we examined how different isotypes (IgG, IgA and sIgA) with the same variable sequence affect antibody stability across digestion. We compared the degradation of recombinant palivizumab (IgG1), and recombinant IgA and sIgA versions of palivizumab spiked in human milk to the degradation of naturally-occurring anti-respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) sIgA/IgA and IgG in human milk from four donors across gastric and intestinal phases of an in vitro model of infant digestion via a validated RSV F protein ELISA. Palivizumab IgG and IgA formats were less stable than the sIgA version after complete simulated gastrointestinal digestion: palivizumab IgG, IgA and sIgA decreased across complete simulated gastrointestinal digestion by 55%, 48% and 28%, respectively. Naturally-occurring RSV F protein-specific IgG was stable across digestion, whereas naturally-occurring sIgA/IgA was stable in the gastric phase but decreased 33% in the intestinal phase of simulated digestion.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number104115
JournalJournal of Functional Foods
Volume73
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2020

Keywords

  • Immunoglobulins
  • In vitro gastrointestinal digestion
  • Infants
  • Monoclonal antibody
  • Palivizumab
  • Respiratory syncytial virus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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