Surveillance of extrapulmonary nontuberculous mycobacteria infections, Oregon, USA, 2007–2012

Emily Henkle, Katrina Hedberg, Sean D. Schafer, Kevin L. Winthrop

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Limited data are available describing extrapulmonary nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) infections in the general population. We describe results from statewide population-based laboratory surveillance in Oregon, USA, during 2007–2012. We defined a case of extrapulmonary NTM infection as >1 isolate from skin/soft tissue, disseminated sites, lymph node, joint, or other sites. The annual incidence of extrapulmonary NTM infection (other than Mycobacterium gordonae) was stable, averaging 1.5 cases/100,000 population. Median age of the 334 patients was 51 years, and 53% of patients were female. Half of cases were caused by M. avium complex, but rapid-growing NTM species accounted for one third of cases. Most extrapulmonary NTM infections are skin/soft tissue. Compared with pulmonary NTM infection, more extrapulmonary infections are caused by rapid-growing NTM species. The designation of NTM as a reportable disease in Oregon in 2014 will result in better detection of changes in the incidence and patterns of disease in the future.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1627-1630
Number of pages4
JournalEmerging infectious diseases
Volume23
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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