Purpose: Contrast arteriography is the accepted gold standard for diagnosis and treatment planning in patients with atherosclerotic renovascular disease (RVD). In this study, the results of a selective policy of surgical renal artery reconstruction (RAR) with magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) as the sole preoperative imaging modality are reviewed. Methods: From May 1993 to May 1998, 25 patients underwent RAR after clinical evaluation, and aortic/renal MRA performed with a gadolinium-enhanced and 3- dimensional phase contrast technique. Clinical presentations suggested severe RVD in all patients and included poorly controlled hypertension (16 patients), hospitalization for hypertensive crises and/or acute pulmonary edema (13), and deterioration of renal function within one year of operation (15). Thirteen patients had associated aortic pathologic conditions (12 aneurysms, 1 aortoiliac occlusive disease), and eight of these patients also underwent noncontrast computed tomography scans. Significant renal dysfunction (serum creatinine level, ≥2.0 mg/dL) was present in all but 4 patients with 14 of 25 patients having extreme (creatinine level, ≥3.0 mg/dL) dysfunction. Results: Hemodynamically significant RVD in the main renal artery was verified at operation in 37 of 38 reconstructed main renal arteries (24/25 patients). A single accessory renal artery was missed by MRA. RAR was comprehensive (bilateral or unilateral to a single-functioning kidney) in 21 of 25 patients and consisted of hepatorenal bypass graft (3 patients), combined aortic and RAR (13 patients), isolated transaortic endarterectomy (8 patients), and aortorenal bypass graft (1 patient). Early improvement in both hypertension control and/or renal function was noted in 21 of 25 patients without operative deaths or postoperative renal failure. Sustained favorable functional results at follow-up, ranging from 5 months to 4 years, were noted in 19 of 25 patients. Conclusion: MRA is an adequate preoperative imaging modality in selected patients before RAIL. This strategy is best applied in circumstances where the clinical presentation suggests hemodynamically significant bilateral RVD and/or in patients at substantial risk of complications from contrast angiography.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine