Surgical management of gastroesophageal reflux and outcome after laryngectomy in patients using tracheoesophageal speech

Blair A. Jobe, Eben Rosenthal, Tracy T. Wiesberg, James I. Cohen, John S. Domreis, Clifford W. Deveney, Brett Sheppard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is common in patients with head and neck carcinoma. The impact of laparoscopic fundoplication on laryngectomy patients with tracheoesophageal prostheses for voice restoration is unknown. Methods: Nine laryngectomy patients who use tracheoesophageal speech underwent laparoscopic fundoplication for documented reflux. Preoperative and postoperative symptoms were recorded. Quality of speech was documented before and after fundoplication. Results: Although 88% of patients had resolution of GERD symptoms, all developed bloating and hyperflatulence. There was no difference in quality of esophageal speech after laparoscopic fundoplication. Conclusions: Fundoplication in laryngectomy patients that use tracheoesophageal speech eliminates symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux and resolves regurgitation associated prosthesis erosion. Although nearly all patients are satisfied with outcome, there is a high incidence of postfundoplication bloating and hyperflatulence that may be life limiting. Poor quality tracheoesophageal speech should not be used as an indication for antireflux surgery.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)539-543
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican journal of surgery
Volume183
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 18 2002

Keywords

  • Anti-reflux surgery
  • Laparoscopic fundoplication
  • Laryngectomy
  • Tracheoesophageal prosthesis, GERD
  • Tracheoesophageal speech

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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