Supervisory interpretation of safety climate versus employee safety climate perception: Association with safety behavior and outcomes for lone workers

Yueng-hsiang Huang, Michelle M. Robertson, Jin Lee, Jenn Rineer, Lauren A. Murphy, Angela Garabet, Marvin J. Dainoff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Research has shown that safety climate predicts safety behavior and safety outcomes in a variety of settings. Prior studies have focused on traditional work environments in which employees and supervisors work in the same location and the mechanisms through which safety climate affects behavior are largely understood. However, the nascent research examining safety climate among lone workers suggests that safety climate may have some uniqueness in this context. Based on leadership theories and utilizing an exploratory approach, this study increases our understanding of the lone worker context by examining employee perception of safety climate and supervisory interpretation of safety climate; how similar or different they are, and how they are related to important safety outcomes. Surveys were administered to a matched sample of 1831 truck drivers and their 219 supervisors at four different trucking companies. Objective data on employee injuries were collected six months after survey administration. The results provided support for the measurement equivalence of the Trucking Safety Climate Scale at the organization level for both employee and supervisor respondents. For both organization- and group-level safety climate, employee perceptions of safety climate and supervisory interpretation of safety climate were significantly different, such that supervisors provided higher ratings for both safety climate sub-scales. Further, only employee safety climate perceptions significantly predicted self-reported safety behavior (directly) and objective injury outcomes (indirectly). This suggests that when trying to gauge and improve upon a trucking company's safety climate, we should rely on employee perspectives, rather than supervisory interpretation, of safety climate.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)348-360
Number of pages13
JournalTransportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour
Volume26
Issue numberPB
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Climate
employee
climate
Personnel
Safety
worker
interpretation
Supervisory personnel
safety research
organization
Truck drivers
Personnel rating
equivalence
work environment
Wounds and Injuries
Motor Vehicles
Research
rating
driver
Gages

Keywords

  • Safety climate
  • Supervisor versus employee perceptions
  • Trucking industry
  • Workplace accidents and injuries

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Automotive Engineering
  • Transportation
  • Applied Psychology

Cite this

Supervisory interpretation of safety climate versus employee safety climate perception : Association with safety behavior and outcomes for lone workers. / Huang, Yueng-hsiang; Robertson, Michelle M.; Lee, Jin; Rineer, Jenn; Murphy, Lauren A.; Garabet, Angela; Dainoff, Marvin J.

In: Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, Vol. 26, No. PB, 01.01.2014, p. 348-360.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Huang, Yueng-hsiang ; Robertson, Michelle M. ; Lee, Jin ; Rineer, Jenn ; Murphy, Lauren A. ; Garabet, Angela ; Dainoff, Marvin J. / Supervisory interpretation of safety climate versus employee safety climate perception : Association with safety behavior and outcomes for lone workers. In: Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour. 2014 ; Vol. 26, No. PB. pp. 348-360.
@article{283c80fb651a4cfbaf8144feb9ef8ac3,
title = "Supervisory interpretation of safety climate versus employee safety climate perception: Association with safety behavior and outcomes for lone workers",
abstract = "Research has shown that safety climate predicts safety behavior and safety outcomes in a variety of settings. Prior studies have focused on traditional work environments in which employees and supervisors work in the same location and the mechanisms through which safety climate affects behavior are largely understood. However, the nascent research examining safety climate among lone workers suggests that safety climate may have some uniqueness in this context. Based on leadership theories and utilizing an exploratory approach, this study increases our understanding of the lone worker context by examining employee perception of safety climate and supervisory interpretation of safety climate; how similar or different they are, and how they are related to important safety outcomes. Surveys were administered to a matched sample of 1831 truck drivers and their 219 supervisors at four different trucking companies. Objective data on employee injuries were collected six months after survey administration. The results provided support for the measurement equivalence of the Trucking Safety Climate Scale at the organization level for both employee and supervisor respondents. For both organization- and group-level safety climate, employee perceptions of safety climate and supervisory interpretation of safety climate were significantly different, such that supervisors provided higher ratings for both safety climate sub-scales. Further, only employee safety climate perceptions significantly predicted self-reported safety behavior (directly) and objective injury outcomes (indirectly). This suggests that when trying to gauge and improve upon a trucking company's safety climate, we should rely on employee perspectives, rather than supervisory interpretation, of safety climate.",
keywords = "Safety climate, Supervisor versus employee perceptions, Trucking industry, Workplace accidents and injuries",
author = "Yueng-hsiang Huang and Robertson, {Michelle M.} and Jin Lee and Jenn Rineer and Murphy, {Lauren A.} and Angela Garabet and Dainoff, {Marvin J.}",
year = "2014",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.trf.2014.04.006",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "26",
pages = "348--360",
journal = "Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour",
issn = "1369-8478",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",
number = "PB",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Supervisory interpretation of safety climate versus employee safety climate perception

T2 - Association with safety behavior and outcomes for lone workers

AU - Huang, Yueng-hsiang

AU - Robertson, Michelle M.

AU - Lee, Jin

AU - Rineer, Jenn

AU - Murphy, Lauren A.

AU - Garabet, Angela

AU - Dainoff, Marvin J.

PY - 2014/1/1

Y1 - 2014/1/1

N2 - Research has shown that safety climate predicts safety behavior and safety outcomes in a variety of settings. Prior studies have focused on traditional work environments in which employees and supervisors work in the same location and the mechanisms through which safety climate affects behavior are largely understood. However, the nascent research examining safety climate among lone workers suggests that safety climate may have some uniqueness in this context. Based on leadership theories and utilizing an exploratory approach, this study increases our understanding of the lone worker context by examining employee perception of safety climate and supervisory interpretation of safety climate; how similar or different they are, and how they are related to important safety outcomes. Surveys were administered to a matched sample of 1831 truck drivers and their 219 supervisors at four different trucking companies. Objective data on employee injuries were collected six months after survey administration. The results provided support for the measurement equivalence of the Trucking Safety Climate Scale at the organization level for both employee and supervisor respondents. For both organization- and group-level safety climate, employee perceptions of safety climate and supervisory interpretation of safety climate were significantly different, such that supervisors provided higher ratings for both safety climate sub-scales. Further, only employee safety climate perceptions significantly predicted self-reported safety behavior (directly) and objective injury outcomes (indirectly). This suggests that when trying to gauge and improve upon a trucking company's safety climate, we should rely on employee perspectives, rather than supervisory interpretation, of safety climate.

AB - Research has shown that safety climate predicts safety behavior and safety outcomes in a variety of settings. Prior studies have focused on traditional work environments in which employees and supervisors work in the same location and the mechanisms through which safety climate affects behavior are largely understood. However, the nascent research examining safety climate among lone workers suggests that safety climate may have some uniqueness in this context. Based on leadership theories and utilizing an exploratory approach, this study increases our understanding of the lone worker context by examining employee perception of safety climate and supervisory interpretation of safety climate; how similar or different they are, and how they are related to important safety outcomes. Surveys were administered to a matched sample of 1831 truck drivers and their 219 supervisors at four different trucking companies. Objective data on employee injuries were collected six months after survey administration. The results provided support for the measurement equivalence of the Trucking Safety Climate Scale at the organization level for both employee and supervisor respondents. For both organization- and group-level safety climate, employee perceptions of safety climate and supervisory interpretation of safety climate were significantly different, such that supervisors provided higher ratings for both safety climate sub-scales. Further, only employee safety climate perceptions significantly predicted self-reported safety behavior (directly) and objective injury outcomes (indirectly). This suggests that when trying to gauge and improve upon a trucking company's safety climate, we should rely on employee perspectives, rather than supervisory interpretation, of safety climate.

KW - Safety climate

KW - Supervisor versus employee perceptions

KW - Trucking industry

KW - Workplace accidents and injuries

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84908239410&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84908239410&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.trf.2014.04.006

DO - 10.1016/j.trf.2014.04.006

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84908239410

VL - 26

SP - 348

EP - 360

JO - Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour

JF - Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour

SN - 1369-8478

IS - PB

ER -