1H-NMR spectroscopy can accurately quantitate the lipolysis and oxidation of cardiac triacylglycerols

Michael C. Madden, W. Barry Van Winkle, Katharine Kirk, Martin M. Pike, Gerald M. Pohost, Paul E. Wolkowicz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


Triacylglycerol metabolism in isolated, perfused hearts from rats fed a diet containing 20% rapeseed oil (RSO) was studied using 1H-NMR spectroscopy. RSO-induced elevation in cardiac triacylglycerols is associated with an increase in the peak area of fatty acid 1H-NMR resonances. The ratio of methyl, γ-methylene or methylene protons adjacent to a carbon-carbon double bond to the number of methylene protons in these hearts measured by 1H-NMR spectroscopy gives values similar to those derived from previously reported chemical analyses. In addition, the triacylglycerol content of these hearts determined by chemical analysis directly correlates with their content of 1H-NMR visible fatty acid resonances. This quantitative relationship allows the real-time measurement of the rates of cardiac triacylglycerol lipolysis using 1H-NMR spectroscopy. Rates of triacylglycerol lipolysis measured using 1H-NMR spectroscopy are similar to those previously measured by chemical methods. Triacylglycerol lipolysis measured using 1H-NMR spectroscopy occurs at a significantly faster rate in hearts perfused in the presence or absence of glucose when compared to hearts perfused with glucose and acetate or medium-chain fatty acids. Finally, the rate of triacylglycerol lipolysis in glucose perfused hearts is linearly related to work output. These results demonstrate that 1H-NMR spectroscopy can accurately quantitate triacylglycerol content and metabolism in the rapeseed oil-fed rat model. 1H-NMR spectroscopic or imaging techniques may be useful in the real-time evaluation of cardiac triacylglycerol content and metabolism.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)176-182
Number of pages7
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA)/Lipids and Lipid Metabolism
Issue number2
StatePublished - Aug 11 1993
Externally publishedYes


  • Cardiac
  • Fatty acid metabolism
  • Lipolysis
  • NMR, H-
  • Triacylglycerol

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology


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