In vitro exposure to alcohols unmasks additional binding sites for gonadotropin in cell/membrane preparations of the corpus luteum of rhesus monkeys. In the current study, we compared the effects of ethanol on gonadotropin receptors solubilized from macaque luteal membranes to those on receptors associated with the lipid bilayer. Treatment with 1% Triton X-100 for 30m min at 4C, followed by precipitation with polyethylene glycol, resulted in recovery of 50% more binding sites for 125I-human luteinizing hormone (hLH) than were available in particulate preparations (p<0.05). However, the soluble receptors displayed a 3-fold lower affinity for 125I-hLH (p<0.05). Conditions which enhanced LH binding to particulates, i.e., 1-8% ethanol at 25C, decreased specific 125I-hLH binding to soluble receptors. Steady-state LH binding to soluble receptors during incubation at 4C was half of that observed at 25C. The presence of 8% ethanol at 4C restored LH binding to levels observed in the absence of ethanol at 25C. Thus, LH binding sites in the primate corpus luteum can be effectively solubilized with Triton X-100. The different binding characteristics of particulate and soluble receptors, including the response to ethanol exposure, suggest that the lipid environment in the luteal membrane modulates the availability and affinity of gonadotropin receptors.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)