Sulfide oxidation is accomplished by a new class of dioxomolybdenum(VI) catalyst (1) that uses the tridentate 2,6-bis[hydroxyl(methyl)amino]-4-morpholino-1,3,5-triazine ligand to form a five-coordinate molybdenum(VI) center. Resonance Raman spectra show that the dioxo groups on the Mo(VI) oxygens readily exchange with water in an acetonitrile media that allows 18O labeling of catalyst 1. The model oxidation reaction was the conversion of thioanisole (2) to the corresponding sulfoxide with 4% of 1 using an equimolar amount of H2O2 in MeCN-d3. Oxygen-18 labeling experiments with either 18O-labeled 1 or 18O-labeled H2O2 are consistent with a sulfide oxygenation pathway that uses a η1-Mo(OOH) hydroxoperoxyl species (3). The hypothesized intermediate 3 is initially formed in a proton transfer reaction between 1 and H2O2. Oxidation is hypothesized via nucleophilic attack of the sulfide on 3 that is supported from a Hammett linear free-energy relationship for para-derivatives of 2. A Hammett reactivity constant (ρ) of -1.2 ± 0.2 was obtained, which is consistent with other ρ values found in prior sulfide oxidation reactions by group 6 complexes. An Eyring plot of the 2 oxidation by 1 gives an Ea of 63.0 ± 5.2 kJ/mol, which is slightly higher than that of a similar oxidation of 2 by the molybdenum(VI) complex, oxodiperoxo (pyridine-2-carboxylato)molybdate(VI) bis(pyridine-2-carboxylic acid) monohydrate (5). Computational modeling with density functional theory (DFT) of the complete reaction profile gave enthalpy and entropy of activations (64 kJ/mol and -120 J/mol·K, respectively) within 1 standard deviation of the experimental values, further supporting the hypothesized mechanism.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Inorganic Chemistry