Substance use and risk-taking among adolescents

Sarah Feldstein Ewing, William R. Miller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

61 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Among adolescents, substance abuse often occurs in conjunction with risk-taking behaviors. Aims: This review explores the nature and etiology of concomitant risk-taking behaviors, addressing behavioral, genetic, temperamental, and family factors that accompany adolescent substance use. Method: A literature review was conducted to determine the breadth of factors that contribute to adolescent substance abuse and correlated risk-taking behaviors, and to identify relevant evidence-based treatments. Results: The literature review revealed that among adolescents, substance abuse occurs as part of a cluster of problems and risk-taking behaviors. Predisposing factors include temperament, genetics, neurobehavioral disinhibition, social competencies, parenting, abuse/neglect, and peer behaviors. Various interventions, including individual therapies, parent training, and family therapies comprise the empirically-supported treatments for these co-occurring behaviors. Conclusions: The literature indicates that adolescents being seen for substance-related problems should be evaluated for engagement in other risk-taking behaviors, and school, peer, and social functioning. In addition, the data support that family, versus individual, interventions should be the norm for substance-abusing adolescents. Declaration of interest: The authors neither received financial support, nor are involved in financial relationships that pose a conflict of interest for this work.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)633-643
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Mental Health
Volume15
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2006
Externally publishedYes

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Risk-Taking
Substance-Related Disorders
Behavioral Genetics
Financial Support
Conflict of Interest
Family Therapy
Temperament
Parenting
Causality
Therapeutics

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • Intervention
  • Risk-taking
  • Substance abuse
  • Therapies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Substance use and risk-taking among adolescents. / Feldstein Ewing, Sarah; Miller, William R.

In: Journal of Mental Health, Vol. 15, No. 6, 01.12.2006, p. 633-643.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Feldstein Ewing, Sarah ; Miller, William R. / Substance use and risk-taking among adolescents. In: Journal of Mental Health. 2006 ; Vol. 15, No. 6. pp. 633-643.
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