Submandibular and lacrimal gland immunoglobulin in the C3H.MRL-Fas(lpr) autoimmune mouse model of Sjogren's syndrome

Dennis Trune, Daniel A. Leedy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: To distinguish potential autoimmune and nonautoimmune mechanisms underlying the salivary gland inflammation seen in Sjogren's syndrome and normal aging. Study Design: Immunohistochemical studies were conducted on the lacrimal and salivary glands of 2- and 5-month-old C3H.MRL- Fas(lpr) autoimmune strain mice and age-matched C3H/HeJ nonautoimmune controls. Methods: Glandular inflammatory foci, interstitial areas, and vasculature were stained for immunoglobulin G (IgG), immunoglobulin A (IgA), and complement to determine differences in their local immune parameter. Differences between the two strains were compared for immune changes attributable to autoimmune disease and between the two normal groups for normal aging changes. Results: Greater staining of IgG, IgA, and complement occurred in the inflammatory foci and interstitial areas of 5-month-old C3H.MRL-Fas(lpr) lacrimal and submandibular glands compared with 5-month-old controls. Normal mice showed some increased immunoglobulin staining with aging, but little or no complement in any glands. Conclusions: These differential findings suggest that the systemic autoimmune disease plays a more direct role in focal glandular inflammation in Sjogren's syndrome, whereas less severe immune mechanisms are involved in the inflammation of normal glands.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1729-1732
Number of pages4
JournalLaryngoscope
Volume108
Issue number11 I
StatePublished - Nov 1998

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Lacrimal Apparatus
Submandibular Gland
Sjogren's Syndrome
Immunoglobulin A
Autoimmune Diseases
Immunoglobulins
Immunoglobulin G
Sialadenitis
Staining and Labeling
Inflammation
Salivary Glands

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology

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Submandibular and lacrimal gland immunoglobulin in the C3H.MRL-Fas(lpr) autoimmune mouse model of Sjogren's syndrome. / Trune, Dennis; Leedy, Daniel A.

In: Laryngoscope, Vol. 108, No. 11 I, 11.1998, p. 1729-1732.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - Objective: To distinguish potential autoimmune and nonautoimmune mechanisms underlying the salivary gland inflammation seen in Sjogren's syndrome and normal aging. Study Design: Immunohistochemical studies were conducted on the lacrimal and salivary glands of 2- and 5-month-old C3H.MRL- Fas(lpr) autoimmune strain mice and age-matched C3H/HeJ nonautoimmune controls. Methods: Glandular inflammatory foci, interstitial areas, and vasculature were stained for immunoglobulin G (IgG), immunoglobulin A (IgA), and complement to determine differences in their local immune parameter. Differences between the two strains were compared for immune changes attributable to autoimmune disease and between the two normal groups for normal aging changes. Results: Greater staining of IgG, IgA, and complement occurred in the inflammatory foci and interstitial areas of 5-month-old C3H.MRL-Fas(lpr) lacrimal and submandibular glands compared with 5-month-old controls. Normal mice showed some increased immunoglobulin staining with aging, but little or no complement in any glands. Conclusions: These differential findings suggest that the systemic autoimmune disease plays a more direct role in focal glandular inflammation in Sjogren's syndrome, whereas less severe immune mechanisms are involved in the inflammation of normal glands.

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