Subdominant CD8+ T-cell responses are involved in durable control of AIDS virus replication

Thomas C. Friedrich, Laura E. Valentine, Levi J. Yant, Eva G. Rakasz, Shari M. Piaskowski, Jessica R. Furlott, Kimberly L. Weisgrau, Benjamin Burwitz, Gemma E. May, Enrique J. León, Taeko Soma, Gnankang Napoe, Saverio V. Capuano, Nancy A. Wilson, David I. Watkins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

164 Scopus citations

Abstract

"Elite controllers" are Individuals that durably control human immunodeficiency virus or simian immunodeficiency virus replication without therapeutic intervention. The study of these rare individuals may facilitate the definition of a successful immune response to immunodeficiency viruses. Here we describe six Indian-origin rhesus macaques that have controlled replication of the pathogenic virus SIVmac239 for 1 to 5 years. To determine which lymphocyte populations were responsible for this control, we transiently depleted the animals' CD8+ cells in vivo. This treatment resulted in 100- to 10,000-fold increases in viremia. When the CD8+ cells returned, control was reestablished and the levels of small subsets of previously subdominant CD8+ T cells expanded up to 2,500-fold above predepletion levels. This wave of CB8+ T cells was accompanied by robust Gag-specific CD4 responses. In contrast, CD8+ NK cell frequencies changed no more than threefold. Together, our data suggest that CD8+ T cells targeting a small number of epitopes, along with broad CD4+ T-cell responses, can successfully control the replication of the AIDS vires. It is likely that subdominant CD8+ T-cell populations play a key role in maintaining this control.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3465-3476
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of virology
Volume81
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Immunology
  • Insect Science
  • Virology

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    Friedrich, T. C., Valentine, L. E., Yant, L. J., Rakasz, E. G., Piaskowski, S. M., Furlott, J. R., Weisgrau, K. L., Burwitz, B., May, G. E., León, E. J., Soma, T., Napoe, G., Capuano, S. V., Wilson, N. A., & Watkins, D. I. (2007). Subdominant CD8+ T-cell responses are involved in durable control of AIDS virus replication. Journal of virology, 81(7), 3465-3476. https://doi.org/10.1128/JVI.02392-06