Subclinical keratoconus detection by pattern analysis of corneal and epithelial thickness maps with optical coherence tomography

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Abstract

Purpose To screen for subclinical keratoconus by analyzing corneal, epithelial, and stromal thickness map patterns with Fourier-domain optical coherence tomography (OCT). Setting Four centers in the United States. Design Cross-sectional observational study. Methods Eyes of normal subjects, subclinical keratoconus eyes, and the topographically normal eye of a unilateral keratoconus patient were studied. Corneas were scanned using a 26 000 Hz Fourier-domain OCT system (RTVue). Normal subjects were divided into training and evaluation groups. Corneal, epithelial, and stromal thickness maps and derived diagnostic indices, including pattern standard deviation (PSD) variables and pachymetric map-based keratoconus risk scores, were calculated from the OCT data. Area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) analysis was used to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of the indices. Results The study comprised 150 eyes of 83 normal subjects, 50 subclinical keratoconus eyes of 32 patients, and 1 topographically normal eye of a unilateral keratoconus patient. Subclinical keratoconus was characterized by inferotemporal thinning of the cornea, epithelium, and stroma. The PSD values for corneal (P

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)284-295
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
Volume42
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2016

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