Subcellular localization of FANCD2 is associated with survival in ovarian carcinoma

Sonali Joshi, Shawn Campbell, Jeong Y. Lim, Shannon McWeeney, Adam Krieg, Yukie Bean, Nadja Pejovic, Paulette Mhawech-Fauceglia, Tanja Pejovic

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: Ovarian cancer is a leading cause of death from gynecological cancers. Late diagnosis and resistance to therapy results in mortality and effective screening is required for early diagnosis and better treatments. Expression of the Fanconi Anemia complementation group D2 protein (FANCD2) is reduced in ovarian surface epithelial cells (OSE) in patients with ovarian cancer. FANCD2 has been studied for its role in DNA repair; however multiple studies have suggested that FANCD2 has a role outside the nucleus. We sought to determine whether subcellular localization of FANCD2 correlates with patient outcome in ovarian cancer. Methods: We examined the subcellular localization of FANCD2 in primary OSE cells from consenting patients with ovarian cancer or a normal ovary. Ovarian tissue microarray was stained with anti-FANCD2 antibody by immunohistochemistry and the correlation of FANCD2 localization with patient outcomes was assessed. FANCD2 binding partners were identified by immunoprecipitation of cytoplasmic FANCD2. Results: Nuclear and cytoplasmic localization of FANCD2 was observed in OSEs from both normal and ovarian cancer patients. Patients with cytoplasmic localization of FANCD2 (cFANCD2) experienced significantly longer median survival time (50 months), versus patients without cytoplasmic localization of FANCD2 (38 months; p < 0.05). Cytoplasmic FANCD2 was found to bind proteins involved in the innate immune system, cellular response to heat stress, amyloid fiber formation and estrogen mediated signaling. Conclusions: Our results suggest that the presence of cytoplasmic FANCD2 modulates FANCD2 activity resulting in better survival outcome in ovarian cancer patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)775-783
Number of pages9
JournalOncotarget
Volume11
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 25 2020

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Keywords

  • FANCD2
  • Ovarian carcinoma
  • Subcellular localization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology

Cite this

Joshi, S., Campbell, S., Lim, J. Y., McWeeney, S., Krieg, A., Bean, Y., Pejovic, N., Mhawech-Fauceglia, P., & Pejovic, T. (2020). Subcellular localization of FANCD2 is associated with survival in ovarian carcinoma. Oncotarget, 11(8), 775-783. https://doi.org/10.18632/oncotarget.27437