Structure of the Ebola virus glycoprotein bound to an antibody from a human survivor

Jeffrey E. Lee, Marnie L. Fusco, Ann J. Hessell, Wendelien B. Oswald, Dennis R. Burton, Erica Ollmann Saphire

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

484 Scopus citations

Abstract

Ebola virus (EBOV) entry requires the surface glycoprotein (GP) to initiate attachment and fusion of viral and host membranes. Here we report the crystal structure of EBOV GP in its trimeric, pre-fusion conformation (GP1+GP2) bound to a neutralizing antibody, KZ52, derived from a human survivor of the 1995 Kikwit outbreak. Three GP1 viral attachment subunits assemble to form a chalice, cradled by the GP2 fusion subunits, while a novel glycan cap and projected mucin-like domain restrict access to the conserved receptor-binding site sequestered in the chalice bowl. The glycocalyx surrounding GP is likely central to immune evasion and may explain why survivors have insignificant neutralizing antibody titres. KZ52 recognizes a protein epitope at the chalice base where it clamps several regions of the pre-fusion GP2 to the amino terminus of GP1. This structure provides a template for unravelling the mechanism of EBOV GP-mediated fusion and for future immunotherapeutic development.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)177-182
Number of pages6
JournalNature
Volume454
Issue number7201
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 10 2008
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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