Strategies for potential toughening of acrylic denture bases polymerized with microwave energy

Rafael Leonardo Xediek Consani, Andreia Bolzan de Paula, Ana Paula Piovezan Fugolin, Carmem S. Pfeifer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Thiourethane additives have been shown to improve properties in several dental polymer applications. The aim of this study was to verify the effect of the addition of thiourethane oligomers and acrylamide or isobornyl-based plasticizers on the physical properties of the denture base acrylic resin polymerized with microwaves. Thiourethane oligomer (TU) was synthetized and added to microwaved acrylic resin in proportions varying between 3 and 14 wt%. Separate experimental groups included the addition of dimethyl acrylamide (DMAM) and isobornyl methacrylate as plasticizers, at concentrations varying from 5 to 20 wt%. Samples were polymerized using microwave energy at 500 Watts for 3 min, deflasked at room temperature, stored in water at 37 °C for 24 h, and evaluated for: linear dimensional change, gloss, Knoop hardness, surface roughness, impact strength, yield strength, elastic modulus, toughness, yield strength, viscosity, glass transition temperature and network heterogeneity, and water sorption/solubility. Data were analyzed with ANOVA/Tukey’s post-hoc test (α=5%). The addition of TU led to properties that were similar or worse than the materials to which it was not added, except for dimensional stability. The impact on properties was statistically significant for all materials above 20% addition of TU. The addition of DMAM at 5 wt% or isobornyl methacrylate at 10 wt% improved yield strength and modulus, but increased water sorption and solubility. Except for dimensional stability, the addition of thiourethane oligomers to acrylic denture base materials compromised most tested properties. The use of DMAM and isobornyl methacrylate improved properties for selected compositions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)523-531
Number of pages9
JournalBrazilian dental journal
Volume31
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2020

Keywords

  • Acrylic resin
  • Denture base
  • Physical properties
  • Plasticizers
  • Thiourethane

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

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