Strain Rate Acceleration Yields a Better Index for Evaluating Left Ventricular Contractile Function as Compared with Tissue Velocity Acceleration during Isovolumic Contraction Time: An in Vivo Study

Xiaokui Li, Michael Jones, Hui Fang Wang, Crispin H. Davies, Julia C. Swanson, Ikuo Hashimoto, Rosemary A. Rusk, Sebastian T. Schindera, Brent J. Barber, David J. Sahn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: Our study aimed to investigate whether strain rate acceleration (SRA) during isovolumic contraction time (IVCT) could serve as a sensitive indicator of myocardial function. Methods: A total of 8 sheep underwent occlusion of left anterior descending coronary artery or diagonal branches and 2 sheep underwent left circumflex coronary artery occlusion to create septal, apical, or basal segment myocardial ischemia 19 to 27 weeks before the study. Baseline, volume-loading, dobutamine, and metoprolol infusion were used to produce 4 hemodynamic stages for each sheep. Doppler tissue imaging was acquired using a 5-MHz probe (GE/VingMed Vivid Five, GE Medical Systems, Milwaukee, Wis) on openchest animals using the liver as a standoff at the apex. Using software (EchoPac, GE Medical Systems), SRA during IVCT was calculated and compared with tissue velocity acceleration (TVA) during IVCT from areas located in the normal and ischemic zones. Also, invasively monitored left ventricle dP/dt was measured as reference contractile function. Results: Both TVA and SRA during IVCT showed higher values for normal tissue than for ischemic area (P < .0001). SRA for normal wall segments changed significantly during the 4 stages (P = .01) with corresponding changes on high-fidelity left ventricular pressure catheters (r = 0.92). TVA over normal segments showed no significant change (P = .29) in the 4 hemodynamic stages. Both TVA and SRA of the ischemic segments showed no significant change with pharmacologic maneuvers or loading conditions. Conclusions: SRA and TVA during IVCT are both useful indicators for detecting abnormal heart wall motion. However, SRA tends to be more sensitive than TVA for differentiating the response to stress conditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1211-1216
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the American Society of Echocardiography
Volume16
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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