Stomal recurrence: Salvage surgery and reconstruction utilizing microvascular free tissue transfer

Amy Pittman, Robert Lindau, Peter Andersen, Mark K. Wax

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations


Background. Stomal recurrence in patients after laryngectomy has a poor prognosis. Studies performed using sternal resection with pectoralis flap reconstruction report <25% 2-year survival. The purpose of this study was to ascertain whether the use of larger resection with free flap reconstruction improves survival. Methods. Thirteen cases of stomal recurrence that underwent extended sternal resection and free flap reconstruction were identified and classified according to Sisson criteria. Postoperative morbidity, mortality, and survival were assessed. Results. Median survival was 10 months in patients with Sisson types I and II, with 37.5% 1-year and 25% 2-year survival. Median survival was 6 months in patients with Sisson types III and IV, with 40% 1-year and 0% 2-year survival. There were 2 perioperative deaths and a major morbidity rate of 45%. Conclusion. Salvage surgery using free flap reconstruction did not show improved survival rates compared with previously described techniques.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1431-1434
Number of pages4
JournalHead and Neck
Issue number10
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014



  • Mediastinal dissection
  • Microvascular reconstruction
  • Parastomal resection
  • Stomal reconstruction
  • Stomal recurrence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology

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