Stimuli-Responsive Biomaterials: Scaffolds for Stem Cell Control

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Stem cell fate is closely intertwined with microenvironmental and endogenous cues within the body. Recapitulating this dynamic environment ex vivo can be achieved through engineered biomaterials which can respond to exogenous stimulation (including light, electrical stimulation, ultrasound, and magnetic fields) to deliver temporal and spatial cues to stem cells. These stimuli-responsive biomaterials can be integrated into scaffolds to investigate stem cell response in vitro and in vivo, and offer many pathways of cellular manipulation: biochemical cues, scaffold property changes, drug release, mechanical stress, and electrical signaling. The aim of this review is to assess and discuss the current state of exogenous stimuli-responsive biomaterials, and their application in multipotent stem cell control. Future perspectives in utilizing these biomaterials for personalized tissue engineering and directing organoid models are also discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number2001125
JournalAdvanced Healthcare Materials
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 6 2021

Keywords

  • biomaterials
  • electrical stimulation
  • magnetic fields
  • photostimulation
  • stem cells
  • stimuli-responsive materials
  • ultrasound

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Pharmaceutical Science

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