Stereoselective epoxidation of arachidonic acid by cytochrome P-450s 2CAA and 2C2

B. E. Daikh, R. M. Laethem, Dennis Koop

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

In the present study, we determined the stereoselective epoxidation of arachidonic acid by cytochrome P-450 (P-450) 2CAA and P-450 2C2, two arachidonic acid epoxygenases found in rabbit renal cortex, by chiral normal- phase high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)-analysis. Purified P-450 2CAA reconstituted with P-450 oxidoreductase, lipid and cytochrome b5 or microsomes isolated from COS-1 cells expressing P-450 2C2 were incubated in the presence of [1-14C]arachidonic acid. The epoxide metabolites 14,15- and 11,12-epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) were purified by reverse-phase HPLC and derivatized to methyl (14,15-EET) and pentafluorobenzyl (11,12-EET) esters. Enantiomers of 14,15-EET-methyl ester and 11,12-EET-pentafluorobenzyl ester were resolved on Chiralcel OB and OD columns respectively, with a mobile phase of 0.15% 2-propanol in n-hexane. P-450 2CAA and P-450 2C2 produce 11,12- and 14,15-EETs in distinct ratios but are equally stereoselective at the 11,12- position. P-450 2CAA produced 11(S),12(R)-EET with 63% stereoselectivity, and P-450 2C2 produced the same enantiomer with 61% stereoselectivity. Both enzymes are also stereoselective at the 14,15- position, preferentially producing the 14(R),15(S)-EET. P-450 2CAA produces this enantiomer with 72% selectivity, and P-450 2C2 produces it with 62% selectivity. The results of this study indicate that P-450 2CAA and P-450 2C2 are not only regioselective but also exhibit a high degree of stereoselectivity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1130-1135
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
Volume269
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1994

Fingerprint

Cytochromes
Arachidonic Acid
Esters
High Pressure Liquid Chromatography
Cytochromes b5
2-Propanol
COS Cells
Epoxy Compounds
Reverse-Phase Chromatography
Microsomes
Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System
Oxidoreductases
11,12-epoxy-5,8,14-eicosatrienoic acid
Rabbits
Kidney
Lipids
14,15-epoxy-5,8,11-eicosatrienoic acid
Enzymes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

Cite this

Stereoselective epoxidation of arachidonic acid by cytochrome P-450s 2CAA and 2C2. / Daikh, B. E.; Laethem, R. M.; Koop, Dennis.

In: Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, Vol. 269, No. 3, 1994, p. 1130-1135.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "In the present study, we determined the stereoselective epoxidation of arachidonic acid by cytochrome P-450 (P-450) 2CAA and P-450 2C2, two arachidonic acid epoxygenases found in rabbit renal cortex, by chiral normal- phase high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)-analysis. Purified P-450 2CAA reconstituted with P-450 oxidoreductase, lipid and cytochrome b5 or microsomes isolated from COS-1 cells expressing P-450 2C2 were incubated in the presence of [1-14C]arachidonic acid. The epoxide metabolites 14,15- and 11,12-epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) were purified by reverse-phase HPLC and derivatized to methyl (14,15-EET) and pentafluorobenzyl (11,12-EET) esters. Enantiomers of 14,15-EET-methyl ester and 11,12-EET-pentafluorobenzyl ester were resolved on Chiralcel OB and OD columns respectively, with a mobile phase of 0.15{\%} 2-propanol in n-hexane. P-450 2CAA and P-450 2C2 produce 11,12- and 14,15-EETs in distinct ratios but are equally stereoselective at the 11,12- position. P-450 2CAA produced 11(S),12(R)-EET with 63{\%} stereoselectivity, and P-450 2C2 produced the same enantiomer with 61{\%} stereoselectivity. Both enzymes are also stereoselective at the 14,15- position, preferentially producing the 14(R),15(S)-EET. P-450 2CAA produces this enantiomer with 72{\%} selectivity, and P-450 2C2 produces it with 62{\%} selectivity. The results of this study indicate that P-450 2CAA and P-450 2C2 are not only regioselective but also exhibit a high degree of stereoselectivity.",
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N2 - In the present study, we determined the stereoselective epoxidation of arachidonic acid by cytochrome P-450 (P-450) 2CAA and P-450 2C2, two arachidonic acid epoxygenases found in rabbit renal cortex, by chiral normal- phase high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)-analysis. Purified P-450 2CAA reconstituted with P-450 oxidoreductase, lipid and cytochrome b5 or microsomes isolated from COS-1 cells expressing P-450 2C2 were incubated in the presence of [1-14C]arachidonic acid. The epoxide metabolites 14,15- and 11,12-epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) were purified by reverse-phase HPLC and derivatized to methyl (14,15-EET) and pentafluorobenzyl (11,12-EET) esters. Enantiomers of 14,15-EET-methyl ester and 11,12-EET-pentafluorobenzyl ester were resolved on Chiralcel OB and OD columns respectively, with a mobile phase of 0.15% 2-propanol in n-hexane. P-450 2CAA and P-450 2C2 produce 11,12- and 14,15-EETs in distinct ratios but are equally stereoselective at the 11,12- position. P-450 2CAA produced 11(S),12(R)-EET with 63% stereoselectivity, and P-450 2C2 produced the same enantiomer with 61% stereoselectivity. Both enzymes are also stereoselective at the 14,15- position, preferentially producing the 14(R),15(S)-EET. P-450 2CAA produces this enantiomer with 72% selectivity, and P-450 2C2 produces it with 62% selectivity. The results of this study indicate that P-450 2CAA and P-450 2C2 are not only regioselective but also exhibit a high degree of stereoselectivity.

AB - In the present study, we determined the stereoselective epoxidation of arachidonic acid by cytochrome P-450 (P-450) 2CAA and P-450 2C2, two arachidonic acid epoxygenases found in rabbit renal cortex, by chiral normal- phase high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)-analysis. Purified P-450 2CAA reconstituted with P-450 oxidoreductase, lipid and cytochrome b5 or microsomes isolated from COS-1 cells expressing P-450 2C2 were incubated in the presence of [1-14C]arachidonic acid. The epoxide metabolites 14,15- and 11,12-epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) were purified by reverse-phase HPLC and derivatized to methyl (14,15-EET) and pentafluorobenzyl (11,12-EET) esters. Enantiomers of 14,15-EET-methyl ester and 11,12-EET-pentafluorobenzyl ester were resolved on Chiralcel OB and OD columns respectively, with a mobile phase of 0.15% 2-propanol in n-hexane. P-450 2CAA and P-450 2C2 produce 11,12- and 14,15-EETs in distinct ratios but are equally stereoselective at the 11,12- position. P-450 2CAA produced 11(S),12(R)-EET with 63% stereoselectivity, and P-450 2C2 produced the same enantiomer with 61% stereoselectivity. Both enzymes are also stereoselective at the 14,15- position, preferentially producing the 14(R),15(S)-EET. P-450 2CAA produces this enantiomer with 72% selectivity, and P-450 2C2 produces it with 62% selectivity. The results of this study indicate that P-450 2CAA and P-450 2C2 are not only regioselective but also exhibit a high degree of stereoselectivity.

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