Stent-grafts in transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunts

Jian Bo Zhao, Yan Hao Li, Kenneth J. Kolbeck, Frederick S. Keller, John A. Kaufman, Robert E. Barton, Bryan D. Petersen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: To retrospectively evaluate the efficacy of polytetrafluorothylene covered nitinol stent graft (Viatorr, Gore, Flagstaff Arizona, USA) in transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS). Methods: Thirty-seven consecutive patients underwent a TIPS procedure between May 2004 and June 2006 at the Dotter Interventional Institute in Portland, Oregon, USA. The average follow-up time was (15.2 ± 9.3) months. Indications for the procedure included recurrent variceal bleeding after attempted endoscopic management (n = 17), refractory ascites or hydrothorax (n = 18), and Budd-Chiari syndrome (n = 2). The t test was used for statistics. Results: Forty-one stent-grafts were implanted in 37 patients, 3 of the devices were 8 mm in diameter and 38 were 10 mm. The covered stent length varied from 4 to 8 cm without complications. Portosystemic gradient (PSG) decresed significantly from (22.4 ± 8.4) mm Hg (1 mm Hg = 0.133 kPa) to (8.1 ± 3.2) mm Hg, (t = 12.754, P < 0.01). During the follow-up period, Variceal bleeding recurrence occurred in 1 of 17 patients and for ascites or hydrothorax, two of 14 patients. Shunt occlusion occurred in 2 of 37 (5.4%) patients (4 and 17 months post-shunt). The 1-year primary patency rate was 97.0%. Two patients died from multisystem organ failure (MSOF) with a patent stent-graft during the follow-up period. Five patients were excluded from the evaluation after liver transplantation. Conclusion: TIPS created with a PTFE-covered stent (Viatorr) showed favorable patency rate and low complication rates.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)830-834
Number of pages5
JournalChinese Journal of Radiology
Volume42
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 1 2008

Keywords

  • Hypertension, portal
  • Radiology, interventional
  • Stents

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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