The bcr-abl fusion protein is present in the vast majority of cases of chronic myelogenous leukemia, and the deregulated tyrosine kinase activity of this protein is essential for leukemic transformation. Thus, bcr-abl is an ideal target for pharmacologic inhibition. In preclinical studies, STI571 (formerly CGP57148B), an abl-specific, tyrosine kinase inhibitor, selectively killed bcr-abl-expressing cells both in vitro and in vivo. In early clinical trials of STI571, encouraging results have been obtained, and there is already a suggestion that STI571 may soon need to be incorporated into treatment algorithms for chronic myelogenous leukemia.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research