Static magnetic field therapy

A critical review of treatment parameters

Agatha P. Colbert, Helana Wahbeh, Noelle Harling, Erin Connelly, Heather C. Schiffke, Cora Forsten, William L. Gregory, Marko S. Markov, James J. Souder, Patricia Elmer, Valerie King

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

51 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Static magnetic field (SMF) therapy, applied via a permanent magnet attached to the skin, is used by people worldwide for self-care. Despite a lack of established SMF dosage and treatment regimens, multiple studies are conducted to evaluate SMF therapy effectiveness. Our objectives in conducting this review are to:(i) summarize SMF research conducted in humans; (ii) critically evaluate reporting quality of SMF dosages and treatment parameters and (iii) propose a set of criteria for reporting SMF treatment parameters in future clinical trials. We searched 27 electronic databases and reference lists. Only English language human studies were included. Excluded were studies of electromagnetic fields, transcranial magnetic stimulation, magnets placed on acupuncture points, animal studies, abstracts, posters and editorials. Data were extracted on clinical indication, study design and 10 essential SMF parameters. Three reviewers assessed quality of reporting and calculated a quality assessment score for each of the 10 treatment parameters. Fifty-six studies were reviewed, 42 conducted in patient populations and 14 in healthy volunteers. The SMF treatment parameters most often and most completely described were site of application, magnet support device and frequency and duration of application. Least often and least completely described were characteristics of the SMF: magnet dimensions, measured field strength and estimated distance of the magnet from the target tissue. Thirty-four (61) of studies failed to provide enough detail about SMF dosage to permit protocol replication by other investigators. Our findings highlight the need to optimize SMF dosing parameters for individual clinical conditions before proceeding to a full-scale clinical trial.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)133-139
Number of pages7
JournalEvidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume6
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2009

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Magnetic Field Therapy
Magnetic Fields
Magnets
Therapeutics
Clinical Trials
Posters
Acupuncture Points
Electromagnetic Fields
Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation
Self Care
Healthy Volunteers
Language

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Complementary and alternative medicine

Cite this

Static magnetic field therapy : A critical review of treatment parameters. / Colbert, Agatha P.; Wahbeh, Helana; Harling, Noelle; Connelly, Erin; Schiffke, Heather C.; Forsten, Cora; Gregory, William L.; Markov, Marko S.; Souder, James J.; Elmer, Patricia; King, Valerie.

In: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, Vol. 6, No. 2, 06.2009, p. 133-139.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Colbert, AP, Wahbeh, H, Harling, N, Connelly, E, Schiffke, HC, Forsten, C, Gregory, WL, Markov, MS, Souder, JJ, Elmer, P & King, V 2009, 'Static magnetic field therapy: A critical review of treatment parameters', Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 133-139. https://doi.org/10.1093/ecam/nem131
Colbert, Agatha P. ; Wahbeh, Helana ; Harling, Noelle ; Connelly, Erin ; Schiffke, Heather C. ; Forsten, Cora ; Gregory, William L. ; Markov, Marko S. ; Souder, James J. ; Elmer, Patricia ; King, Valerie. / Static magnetic field therapy : A critical review of treatment parameters. In: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine. 2009 ; Vol. 6, No. 2. pp. 133-139.
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