Spinal Osteomyelitis After TPN Catheter-Induced Septicemia

Francesca A. Corso, Bruce M. Wolfe, Donald B. Shaul

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Osteomyelitis of the spine is a well-recognized delayed manifestation of septicemia but has not been recognized as a complication of total parenteral nutrition. We report five cases of spinal osteomyelitis that were clinically recognized 1 to 13 months after total parenteral nutrition catheter-induced septicemia. Radiographic evidence of osteomyelitis was seen in all five patients. In three patients, culture of bony aspirates was positive for the same organism as from the blood. In one case, the diagnosis was established by histology, and in one the diagnosis was based on radiographic and radionuclide evidence of osteomyelitis. The organism responsible was Staphylococcus aureus in two cases, Candida albicans in another two cases and C tropicalis in one case. The septic episode that preceded osteomyelitis was treated with systemic antibiotics and catheter removal in four patients, and antibiotics without catheter removal in one patient. Nevertheless, osteomyelitis occurred, requiring bracing or operative debridement as well as prolonged antibiotic therapy. Spinal osteomyelitis may occur as a delayed manifestation of total parenteral nutrition catheter-induced septicemia. Prompt and effective treatment of septicemia is indicated but may not always be sufficient. Clinical suspicion is the key to the correct and early diagnosis of osteomyelitis and therefore to adequate treatment. (Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition 19:291—295, 1995).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)291-295
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Volume19
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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