Spectral characterization of manganese peroxidase, an extracellular heme enzyme from the lignin-degrading basidiomycete, Phanerochaete chrysosporium.

Y. Mino, H. Wariishi, Ninian Blackburn, T. M. Loehr, M. H. Gold

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Abstract

Manganese peroxidase (MnP) is a component of the lignin degradation system of the basidiomycetous fungus, Phanerochaete chrysosporium. This novel MnII-dependent extracellular enzyme (Mr = 46,000) contains a single protoporphyrin IX prosthetic group and oxidizes phenolic lignin model compounds as well as a variety of other substrates. To elucidate the heme environment of this enzyme, we have studied its electron paramagnetic resonance and resonance Raman spectroscopic properties. These studies indicate that the native enzyme is predominantly in the high-spin ferric form and has a histidine as fifth ligand. The reduced enzyme has a high-spin, pentacoordinate ferrous heme. Fluoride and cyanide readily bind to the sixth coordination position of the heme iron in the native form, thereby changing MnP into a typical high-spin, hexacoordinate fluoro adduct or a low-spin, hexacoordinate cyano adduct, respectively. EPR spectra of 14NO- and 15NO-adducts of ferrous MnP were compared with those of horseradish peroxidase (HRP); the presence of a proximal histidine ligand was confirmed from the pattern of superhyperfine splittings of the NO signals centered at g approximately equal to 2.005. The appearance of the FeII-His stretch at approximately 240 cm-1 and its apparent lack of deuterium sensitivity suggest that the N delta proton of the proximal histidine of the enzyme is more strongly hydrogen bonded than that of oxygen carrier globins and that this imidazole ligand may be described as having a comparatively strong anionic character. Although resonance Raman frequencies for the spin- and coordination-state marker bands of native MnP, nu 3 (1487), nu 19 (1565), and nu 10 (1622 cm-1), do not fall into frequency regions expected for typical penta- or hexacoordinate high-spin ferric heme complexes, ligation of fluoride produces frequency shifts of these bands very similar to those observed for cytochrome c peroxidase and HRP. Hence, these data strongly suggest that the iron in native MnP is predominantly high-spin pentacoordinate. Analysis of the Raman frequencies indicates that the dx2-y2 orbital of the native enzyme is at higher energy than that of metmyoglobin. These features of the heme in MnP must be favorable for the peroxidase catalytic mechanism involving oxidation of the heme iron to FeIV. Consequently, it is most likely that the heme environment of MnP resembles those of HRP, cytochrome c peroxidase, and lignin peroxidase.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7029-7036
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume263
Issue number15
StatePublished - May 25 1988
Externally publishedYes

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manganese peroxidase
Phanerochaete
Basidiomycota
Lignin
Heme
Enzymes
Horseradish Peroxidase
Cytochrome-c Peroxidase
Histidine
Iron
Ligands
Fluorides
Paramagnetic resonance
Metmyoglobin
Rubiaceae
Globins
Deuterium
Electron Spin Resonance Spectroscopy
Cyanides
Prosthetics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

Cite this

Spectral characterization of manganese peroxidase, an extracellular heme enzyme from the lignin-degrading basidiomycete, Phanerochaete chrysosporium. / Mino, Y.; Wariishi, H.; Blackburn, Ninian; Loehr, T. M.; Gold, M. H.

In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, Vol. 263, No. 15, 25.05.1988, p. 7029-7036.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Manganese peroxidase (MnP) is a component of the lignin degradation system of the basidiomycetous fungus, Phanerochaete chrysosporium. This novel MnII-dependent extracellular enzyme (Mr = 46,000) contains a single protoporphyrin IX prosthetic group and oxidizes phenolic lignin model compounds as well as a variety of other substrates. To elucidate the heme environment of this enzyme, we have studied its electron paramagnetic resonance and resonance Raman spectroscopic properties. These studies indicate that the native enzyme is predominantly in the high-spin ferric form and has a histidine as fifth ligand. The reduced enzyme has a high-spin, pentacoordinate ferrous heme. Fluoride and cyanide readily bind to the sixth coordination position of the heme iron in the native form, thereby changing MnP into a typical high-spin, hexacoordinate fluoro adduct or a low-spin, hexacoordinate cyano adduct, respectively. EPR spectra of 14NO- and 15NO-adducts of ferrous MnP were compared with those of horseradish peroxidase (HRP); the presence of a proximal histidine ligand was confirmed from the pattern of superhyperfine splittings of the NO signals centered at g approximately equal to 2.005. The appearance of the FeII-His stretch at approximately 240 cm-1 and its apparent lack of deuterium sensitivity suggest that the N delta proton of the proximal histidine of the enzyme is more strongly hydrogen bonded than that of oxygen carrier globins and that this imidazole ligand may be described as having a comparatively strong anionic character. Although resonance Raman frequencies for the spin- and coordination-state marker bands of native MnP, nu 3 (1487), nu 19 (1565), and nu 10 (1622 cm-1), do not fall into frequency regions expected for typical penta- or hexacoordinate high-spin ferric heme complexes, ligation of fluoride produces frequency shifts of these bands very similar to those observed for cytochrome c peroxidase and HRP. Hence, these data strongly suggest that the iron in native MnP is predominantly high-spin pentacoordinate. Analysis of the Raman frequencies indicates that the dx2-y2 orbital of the native enzyme is at higher energy than that of metmyoglobin. These features of the heme in MnP must be favorable for the peroxidase catalytic mechanism involving oxidation of the heme iron to FeIV. Consequently, it is most likely that the heme environment of MnP resembles those of HRP, cytochrome c peroxidase, and lignin peroxidase.",
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T1 - Spectral characterization of manganese peroxidase, an extracellular heme enzyme from the lignin-degrading basidiomycete, Phanerochaete chrysosporium.

AU - Mino, Y.

AU - Wariishi, H.

AU - Blackburn, Ninian

AU - Loehr, T. M.

AU - Gold, M. H.

PY - 1988/5/25

Y1 - 1988/5/25

N2 - Manganese peroxidase (MnP) is a component of the lignin degradation system of the basidiomycetous fungus, Phanerochaete chrysosporium. This novel MnII-dependent extracellular enzyme (Mr = 46,000) contains a single protoporphyrin IX prosthetic group and oxidizes phenolic lignin model compounds as well as a variety of other substrates. To elucidate the heme environment of this enzyme, we have studied its electron paramagnetic resonance and resonance Raman spectroscopic properties. These studies indicate that the native enzyme is predominantly in the high-spin ferric form and has a histidine as fifth ligand. The reduced enzyme has a high-spin, pentacoordinate ferrous heme. Fluoride and cyanide readily bind to the sixth coordination position of the heme iron in the native form, thereby changing MnP into a typical high-spin, hexacoordinate fluoro adduct or a low-spin, hexacoordinate cyano adduct, respectively. EPR spectra of 14NO- and 15NO-adducts of ferrous MnP were compared with those of horseradish peroxidase (HRP); the presence of a proximal histidine ligand was confirmed from the pattern of superhyperfine splittings of the NO signals centered at g approximately equal to 2.005. The appearance of the FeII-His stretch at approximately 240 cm-1 and its apparent lack of deuterium sensitivity suggest that the N delta proton of the proximal histidine of the enzyme is more strongly hydrogen bonded than that of oxygen carrier globins and that this imidazole ligand may be described as having a comparatively strong anionic character. Although resonance Raman frequencies for the spin- and coordination-state marker bands of native MnP, nu 3 (1487), nu 19 (1565), and nu 10 (1622 cm-1), do not fall into frequency regions expected for typical penta- or hexacoordinate high-spin ferric heme complexes, ligation of fluoride produces frequency shifts of these bands very similar to those observed for cytochrome c peroxidase and HRP. Hence, these data strongly suggest that the iron in native MnP is predominantly high-spin pentacoordinate. Analysis of the Raman frequencies indicates that the dx2-y2 orbital of the native enzyme is at higher energy than that of metmyoglobin. These features of the heme in MnP must be favorable for the peroxidase catalytic mechanism involving oxidation of the heme iron to FeIV. Consequently, it is most likely that the heme environment of MnP resembles those of HRP, cytochrome c peroxidase, and lignin peroxidase.

AB - Manganese peroxidase (MnP) is a component of the lignin degradation system of the basidiomycetous fungus, Phanerochaete chrysosporium. This novel MnII-dependent extracellular enzyme (Mr = 46,000) contains a single protoporphyrin IX prosthetic group and oxidizes phenolic lignin model compounds as well as a variety of other substrates. To elucidate the heme environment of this enzyme, we have studied its electron paramagnetic resonance and resonance Raman spectroscopic properties. These studies indicate that the native enzyme is predominantly in the high-spin ferric form and has a histidine as fifth ligand. The reduced enzyme has a high-spin, pentacoordinate ferrous heme. Fluoride and cyanide readily bind to the sixth coordination position of the heme iron in the native form, thereby changing MnP into a typical high-spin, hexacoordinate fluoro adduct or a low-spin, hexacoordinate cyano adduct, respectively. EPR spectra of 14NO- and 15NO-adducts of ferrous MnP were compared with those of horseradish peroxidase (HRP); the presence of a proximal histidine ligand was confirmed from the pattern of superhyperfine splittings of the NO signals centered at g approximately equal to 2.005. The appearance of the FeII-His stretch at approximately 240 cm-1 and its apparent lack of deuterium sensitivity suggest that the N delta proton of the proximal histidine of the enzyme is more strongly hydrogen bonded than that of oxygen carrier globins and that this imidazole ligand may be described as having a comparatively strong anionic character. Although resonance Raman frequencies for the spin- and coordination-state marker bands of native MnP, nu 3 (1487), nu 19 (1565), and nu 10 (1622 cm-1), do not fall into frequency regions expected for typical penta- or hexacoordinate high-spin ferric heme complexes, ligation of fluoride produces frequency shifts of these bands very similar to those observed for cytochrome c peroxidase and HRP. Hence, these data strongly suggest that the iron in native MnP is predominantly high-spin pentacoordinate. Analysis of the Raman frequencies indicates that the dx2-y2 orbital of the native enzyme is at higher energy than that of metmyoglobin. These features of the heme in MnP must be favorable for the peroxidase catalytic mechanism involving oxidation of the heme iron to FeIV. Consequently, it is most likely that the heme environment of MnP resembles those of HRP, cytochrome c peroxidase, and lignin peroxidase.

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